In December 1900, the British Medical Journal
contained an article on the contamination of beer with arsenic.
Samples of beer had been tested on 12th November 1900 and arsenic
was found in the product of a particular brewery.
It was deduced that for reasons of economy, glucose was used in the
brewing process in order to use less malt. This gave a gain of some
4s to 6s a barrel.
The production of glucose involved boiling maize, starch or very
common cane sugar with sulphuric acid, the acid was neutralised with
chalk, forming a white participate of sulphate of lime, which was
Arsenic was present in some supplies of sulphuric acid, but it was
possible to get the pure acid.
It was said that the operations of the Foods and Drugs Act should
extend to the analysis of glucose and brewing sugars.
However, it was not necessary to use such glucose or sugar at all,
except for cheapness. Brewers should go back to using Malt and Hops.
The Norwich Public were informed that there was no chance of
poisoned beer being brewed in the good old city, but glucose was
then used more or less extensively by most public brewers. It would
be more satisfactory to farmers and most beer drinkers if all beer
was made solely from malt and hops.
It was recorded that in 1909 the United Kingdom was served by
4,591 Licensed Brewers, plus
Private Brewers liable to beer duty, and
Brewers not liable for beer duty.
There were 101,191 victuallers licences,
25,184 on beer licences and
11,692 off beer licences.
* Indistinct print and value may be subject to
The County of
Norfolk having suffered for many years suffered the unlawful taking
of Game, by Gangs going out in the Night........
It was advertised 12th November 1790 that any person giving
information against any Higgler, Chapman, Carrier, Innkeeper,
Victualler, Ale House Keeper or any Other Person, who possessed or
offered for sale, any Hare, Pheasant or Partridge, would be entitled
to a Twenty Pound Reward, over and above that allowed by Parliament.
A Reward of Five Pounds, above that allowed by Parliament, would be
paid upon information against any Person or Persons who took, in the
Night, any Hare, Pheasant, Partridge, Turkeys, Geese, Ducks or other
It was reported 29th October 1785 that innkeepers were struggling to
make a living when dragoons were billeted at their houses.
A loss of up to 14 Guineas per week could be incurred by those who
could have 20 to 24 horses to maintain. With Hay at £6 per ton, and
each horse consuming 2 cwt of hay a week, plus one boulting of straw
per horse, each night at 3d, it would appear that each horse cost
the landlord 13s 9d per week. Add on to that the expense of 6 or 7
men, found in beer, fire, candles, pepper, salt and